EVIDENCE

 
1.

Introduction

2. Forms of evidence
2.1 Oral evidence
2.2 Documentary evidence
2.3 Admissions
2.4 Inspections in loco
2.5 Argument
2.6 Circumstantial evidence
2.7 Relevant and irrelevant evidence

3. Admissibility of evidence
3.1 Generally
3.2 Hearsay evidence
3.3 Affidavits/statements
3.4 In camera evidence
3.5 Opinion evidence
3.6 Subpoenas
3.7 The Parol Evidence Rule
3.8 Polygraph evidence
3.9 Video and tape recorded evidence
3.10 Circumstantial evidence

4. Credibility of evidence
4.1 Generally
4.2 Demeanour of a witness
4.3 Consistency
4.4 Reliability
4.5 Probability
4.6 Motive
4.7 Cautionary rules

5. Questioning techniques
5.1 Open Questions
5.2 Leading Questions

6.

Burden of proof

7.

Criminal proceedings and the standard of proof